Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Financial Statement Presentation (Policies)

Basis of Financial Statement Presentation (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments based on historical data and other assumptions that management believes are reasonable. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. In addition, they affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
The Company’s judgments are based on management’s assessment as to the effect certain estimates, assumptions, or future trends or events may have on the financial condition and results of operations reported in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. It is important that readers of these unaudited financial statements understand that actual results could differ from these estimates, assumptions, and judgments.
Change in Accounting Policies
Change in Accounting Policies
Effective April 1, 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) and Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software, Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing (Hosting) Arrangement that is a Service Contract (“ASU 2018-15”). As a result, the Company changed its accounting policy for leases and for implementation costs related to hosting arrangements. Except as discussed below, there have not been any other changes to the Company's significant accounting policies since the issuance of the Company's 2019 Annual Report.
ASC 842 requires the recognition of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities for operating leases on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective transition approach by applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application and not restating comparative periods. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance, which allowed the Company to not reassess whether arrangements contained leases, not reassess lease classifications, and not reassess initial direct costs. The adoption of ASC 842 did not impact beginning retained earnings, or the prior year Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Cash Flows.
Under ASC 842, the Company determines if an arrangement contains a lease at inception based on whether or not the Company has the right to control the asset during the contract period and other facts and circumstances. The Company has elected to not allocate the contract consideration for operating lease contracts with lease and non-lease components, and instead to account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. Operating lease ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make
lease payments arising from the lease, both of which are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at the commencement date. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease prepayments, net of lease incentives.
Leases with a lease term of 12 months or less at inception are not recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and are expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The lease term is determined by assuming the exercise of renewal options that are reasonably certain. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, the Company uses its local incremental borrowing rate at the lease commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments. 
ROU assets and the short-term and long-term lease liabilities from operating leases are included in “Other assets,” “Accrued expenses,” and “Other non-current obligations,” respectively, in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company's accounting for finance leases (formerly referred to as capital leases prior to the adoption of ASC 842) remains substantially unchanged. Finance leases are not material to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Refer to Note 16, Leases, for additional information regarding the Company's leases and related transition adjustments.
Capitalized Software and Hosting Arrangements
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU No. 2018-15. The amendment aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The Company early adopted the amendment in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 and is applying the ASU prospectively to implementation costs incurred after April 1, 2019. 
As of December 31, 2019, the Company had $6.8 million of capitalized implementation costs related to hosting arrangements. These capitalized implementation costs will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the expected terms of the hosting arrangements and will be amortized in the line item, “Selling, general, and administrative expenses” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue under the guidance provided in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Consistent with the terms of ASC 606, the Company records revenue on product sales in the period in which the Company satisfies its performance obligation by transferring control over a product to a customer. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products to a customer. The Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-32-18 and does not consider the effects of a financing component on the promised amount of consideration because the period between when the Company transfers a product to a customer and when the customer pays for that product is one year or less. As performance obligations are expected to be fulfilled in one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-50-14 and has not disclosed information relating to remaining performance obligations.
The Company sells its products to distributors, original equipment manufacturers (“OEM”), and electronic manufacturing services providers (“EMS”), and the sales price may include adjustments for sales discounts, price adjustments, and sales allowances. The Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-10-4 and evaluates these sales-related adjustments on a portfolio basis. The principle forms of these adjustments include:
Inventory price protection and ship-from stock and debit (“SFSD”) programs,
Distributor rights of returns,
Sales allowances, and
Limited assurance warranties.
The Company's inventory price protection and SFSD programs provide authorized distributors with the flexibility to meet marketplace prices by allowing them, upon a pre-approved case-by-case basis, to adjust their purchased inventory cost to correspond with current market demand. Requests for SFSD adjustments are considered on an individual basis, require a pre-approved cost adjustment quote from their local KEMET sales representative, and apply only to a specific customer, part, specified special price amount, specified quantity, and are only valid for a specific period of time. To estimate potential SFSD adjustments corresponding with current period sales, KEMET records a sales reserve based on historical SFSD credits, distributor inventory levels, and certain accounting assumptions, all of which are reviewed quarterly.
Select distributors have the right to return a certain portion of their purchased inventory to KEMET from the previous fiscal quarter. The Company estimates future returns based on historical return patterns and records a corresponding right of return asset and refund liability as a component of the line items, “Inventories, net” and “Accrued expenses,” respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company also offers volume based rebates on a case-by-case basis to certain customers in each of the Company’s sales channels.
The Company's sales allowances are recognized as a reduction in the line item “Net sales” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, while the associated reserves are included in the line item “Accounts receivable, net” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Estimates used in determining sales allowances are subject to various factors. This includes, but is not limited to, changes in economic conditions, pricing changes, product demand, inventory levels in the supply chain, the effects of technological change, and other variables that might result in changes to the Company’s estimates.
The Company provides a limited assurance warranty on products that meet certain specifications to select customers. The warranty coverage period is generally limited to one year for United States based customers and a length of time commensurate with regulatory requirements or industry practice outside the United States. A warranty cannot be purchased by the customer separately and, as a result, product warranties are not considered to be separate performance obligations. The Company’s liability under these warranties is generally limited to a replacement of the product or refund of the purchase price of the product. Warranty costs were not material for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.
Shipping and handling costs are included in cost of sales.
Disaggregation of Revenue
Refer to Note 10, “Reportable Segment and Geographic Information” for revenue disaggregated by primary geographical market, sales channel, and major product line.
Contract assets
The Company recognizes an asset from the costs incurred to fulfill a contract if those costs directly relate to an existing or anticipated contract or specific business opportunity, if the costs enhance resources that will be used in satisfying performance obligations in the future, and the costs are expected to be recovered through subsequent sale of product to the customer. The Company has determined that certain direct labor, materials, and allocations of overhead incurred within research and development activities meet the requirements to be capitalized. As most of the Company's contracts and customer specific business opportunities do not include a stated term, the Company amortizes these capitalized costs over the expected product life cycle, which is consistent with the estimated transfer of goods to the customer. Capitalized contract costs were $1.6 million at both December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019. Capitalized contracts costs are recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in the line item, “Other assets.” Amortization expense related to the contract costs was $0.1 million and $0.5 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2019 respectively, and $0.2 million and $0.6 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018, respectively. There was no impairment loss in relation to the costs capitalized for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Amortization expense related to contract assets is recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in the line item "Cost of sales."
Fair Value Measurement
The Compan
Fair Value Measurement
Fair Value Measurement
The Company utilizes three levels of inputs to measure the fair value of (a) nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements on a recurring basis (at least annually) and (b) all financial assets and liabilities. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
The first two levels of inputs are considered observable and the last is considered unobservable. The levels of inputs are as follows:
Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2—Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Deferred Income Taxes
Deferred Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the fiscal years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.
The largest deferred tax asset consists of net operating loss carryforwards (“NOL”). The measurement of NOLs requires careful evaluation of prior transactions in the Company's stock, and the application of judgment and interpretation on both the nature of the holder and the underlying transaction resulting in changes to the holders. Based on management's evaluation, there has not been a historical change in control that would have limited the availability of NOLs. The Company periodically evaluates its NOLs and other net deferred tax assets based on an assessment of historical performance, ability to forecast future events, and the likelihood that the Company will realize the benefits through future taxable income. The Company makes certain estimates and judgments in the calculation for the provision for income taxes, in the resulting tax liabilities, and in the recoverability of deferred tax assets. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce the net deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. It is reasonably possible that upon examination, tax authorities could propose adjustments to prior positions based on differences in judgments and interpretations, which could result in a significant increase to the Company's unrecognized tax liability balance if adjustments were to be assessed.
For interim reporting purposes, the Company records income taxes based on the expected annual effective income tax rate, taking into consideration global forecasted tax results and the effect of discrete tax events. All deferred tax assets are reported as noncurrent in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
There are currently no accounting standards that have been issued that will have a significant impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows upon adoption.