|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
A summary of debt is as follows (amounts in thousands):
(1) Amount shown is net of discount, bank issuance costs and other indirect issuance costs of $7.4 million and $8.7 million as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(2) Amounts shown are net of discounts of $0.4 million and $0.6 million as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
The line item “Interest expense” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the fiscal years 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, is as follows (amounts in thousands):
TOKIN Term Loan Facility
On October 29, 2018, the Company entered into a JPY 33.0 billion Term Loan Agreement (the “TOKIN Term Loan Facility”) by and among TOKIN, the lenders party thereto (the “Lenders”) and Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Bank, Limited in its capacity as agent (the “Agent”), arranger and Lender. Funding for the Term Loan facility occurred on November 7, 2018. The proceeds, which were net of an arrangement fee withheld from the funding amount, were JPY 32.1 billion, or approximately $283.9 million using the exchange rate as of November 7, 2018. Net of the arrangement fee, bank issuance costs, and other indirect issuance costs, the Company's net proceeds from the TOKIN Term Loan Facility were $281.8 million.
The proceeds from the TOKIN Term Loan Facility were used by TOKIN to make intercompany loans (the “Intercompany Loans”) to KEMET Corporation. The proceeds, along with other cash on hand, were used to prepay in full KEMET Corporation’s prior term loan of $323.4 million and a prepayment premium of 1.0%, or $3.2 million.
The TOKIN Term Loan Facility consists of (i) a JPY 16.5 billion (approximately $146.0 million using the exchange rate as of November 7, 2018) Term Loan A tranche (the “Term Loan A”) and (ii) a JPY 16.5 billion (approximately $146.0 million using the exchange rate as of November 7, 2018) Term Loan B tranche (the “Term Loan B” and, together with the Term Loan A, collectively, the “Term Loans”). Principal payments under Term Loan A are required semi-annually, in the amount of JPY 1.4 billion (approximately $12.7 million using the exchange rate as of March 31, 2020), while the principal of Term Loan B is due in one payment at maturity. At each reporting period, the carrying value of the loan is translated from Japanese Yen to U.S. Dollars using the spot exchange rate as of the end of the reporting period.
Interest payments are due semi-annually on the Term Loans, with the interest rate based on a margin over the six-month Japanese TIBOR. The applicable margin for Term Loan A is 2.00% and for Term Loan B is 2.25%. Japanese TIBOR at March 31, 2020 was 0.13%. The effective interest rate for the TOKIN Term Loan Facility was 3.0% for the year ended March 31, 2020.
The Term Loans mature on September 30, 2024. KEMET Corporation and certain subsidiaries of TOKIN provided guarantees of the obligations under the Term Loans, which are secured by certain assets, properties and equity interests of TOKIN and its material subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2020, properties and equipment with a net book value of $51.4 million were securing the Term Loans. The Term Loans contain customary covenants applicable to both KEMET Corporation and to TOKIN, including maintenance of a consolidated net leverage ratio, the absence of two consecutive years of consolidated operating losses and the maintenance of certain required levels of consolidated net assets. The TOKIN Term Loan Facility also contains customary events of default. The Company may prepay the Term Loans at any time, subject to certain notice requirements and reimbursement of loan breakage costs.
Revolving Line of Credit
On September 30, 2010, KEC and KEMET Electronic Marketing Services, Singapore (“KEMS”) entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Revolver Agreement”), with Bank of America, N.A, as the administrative agent and the initial lender. The Revolver Agreement provided a $50.0 million revolving line of credit (the “Revolver”), which was bifurcated into a U.S. facility and a Singapore facility. A portion of the U.S. facility and the Singapore facility can be used to issue letters of credit. On December 19, 2014, the Revolver Agreement was amended, which increased the facility to $60.0 million, bifurcated into a U.S. facility and a Singapore facility. The amendment contained an accordion feature permitting the U.S. Borrowers to increase commitments under the facility by an aggregate principal amount up to $15.0 million (for a total facility of $75.0 million), subject to terms and documentation acceptable to the Agent and/or the Lenders. In addition, KEMET Foil Manufacturing, LLC (“KFM”), KBP, and The Forest Electric Company were included as Borrowers under the U.S. facility. On April 28, 2017, the Revolver Agreement was amended to increase the facility to $75.0 million, provided KEC with lower applicable interest rate margins, and extended the expiration date to April 28, 2022.
In connection with the closing of the TOKIN Term Loan Facility on October 29, 2018, the Company entered into Amendment No. 10 to the Loan and Security Agreement, Waiver and Consent (the “Revolver Amendment”), by and among KEMET, KEC, the other borrowers named therein, the financial institutions party thereto as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., a national banking association, as agent for the lenders. The Revolver Amendment provides the Company with, among other things, increased flexibility for certain restricted payments (including dividends), and released certain pledges that allowed the Company to obtain the TOKIN Term Loan Facility to pay down the Term Loan Credit Agreement.
The principal features of the Revolver Agreement as amended are reflected in the description below.
The size of the U.S. facility and Singapore facility can fluctuate as long as the Singapore facility does not exceed $30.0 million and the total facility does not exceed $60.0 million.
Borrowings under the U.S. and Singapore facilities are subject to a borrowing base consisting of:
Interest is payable on borrowings monthly at a rate equal to the London Interbank Offer Rate (“LIBOR”) or the base rate, plus an applicable margin, as selected by the Borrower. Depending upon the fixed charge coverage ratio of KEMET Corporation and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis as of the latest test date, the applicable margin under the U.S. facility varies between 2.00% and 2.50% for LIBOR advances and 1.00% and 1.50% for base rate advances, and under the Singapore facility varies between 2.25% and 2.75% for LIBOR advances and 1.25% and 1.75% for base rate advances.
The base rate is subject to a floor that is 100 basis points above LIBOR.
An unused line fee is payable monthly in an amount equal to a per annum rate equal to (a) 0.50%, if the average daily balance of revolver loans and stated amount of letters of credit was 50% or less of the revolver commitments during the preceding calendar month, or (b) 0.375%, if the average daily balance of revolver loans and stated amount of letters of credit was more than 50% of the Revolver commitment during the preceding calendar month. A customary fee is also payable to the administrative agent on a quarterly basis.
KEC’s ability to draw funds under the U.S. facility and KEMET Singapore’s ability to draw funds under the Singapore facility are conditioned upon, among other matters:
KEMET Corporation and KEC’s 100% owned domestic subsidiaries (“Guarantor Subsidiaries”) guarantee the U.S. facility obligations and the U.S. facility obligations are secured by a lien on substantially all of the assets of KEC and the Guarantor Subsidiaries. The collection accounts of the Borrowers and Guarantor Subsidiaries are subject to a daily sweep into a concentration account and the concentration account will become subject to full cash dominion in favor of the administrative agent (i) upon an event of default, (ii) if for five consecutive business days, aggregate availability of all facilities has been less than the greater of (A) 10% of the aggregate revolver commitments at such time and (B) $7.5 million, or (iii) if for five consecutive business days, availability of the U.S. facility has been less than $3.8 million (each such event, a “Cash Dominion Trigger Event”).
KEC and the Guarantor Subsidiaries guarantee the Singapore facility obligations. In addition to the assets that secure the U.S. facility, the Singapore obligations are also secured by a pledge of 100% of the stock of KEMET Singapore and a security interest in substantially all of KEM's assets. KEMET Singapore’s bank accounts are maintained at Bank of America and upon a Cash Dominion Trigger Event will become subject to full cash dominion in favor of the administrative agent.
A fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.0:1.0 must be maintained as of the last day of each fiscal quarter ending immediately prior to or during any period in which any of the following occurs and is continuing until none of the following occurs for a period of at least forty-five consecutive days: (i) an event of default, (ii) aggregate availability of all facilities has been less than the greater of (A) 10% of the aggregate revolver commitments at such time and (B) $7.5 million, or (iii) availability of the U.S. facility has been less than $3.8 million. The fixed charge coverage ratio tests the EBITDA and fixed charges of KEMET Corporation and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.
In addition, the Revolver Agreement, as amended, includes various covenants that, subject to exceptions, limit the ability of KEMET Corporation and its direct and indirect subsidiaries to, among other things: incur additional indebtedness; create liens on assets; engage in mergers, consolidations, liquidations and dissolutions; sell assets (including pursuant to sale leaseback transactions); pay dividends and distributions on or repurchase capital stock; make investments (including acquisitions), loans, or advances; prepay certain junior indebtedness; engage in certain transactions with affiliates; enter into restrictive agreements; amend material agreements governing certain junior indebtedness; and change its lines of business. The Revolver Agreement includes certain customary representations and warranties, affirmative covenants and events of default. There were no borrowings under the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020 and 2019.
The Company’s available borrowing capacity under the Revolver Agreement was $34.3 million as of March 31, 2020.
In January 2017, KEMET Electronics Portugal, S.A., (“KEP”) a wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a program with the Portuguese government where KEP is eligible to receive interest free loans from the Portuguese government if KEP purchases fixed assets for certain projects approved by the Portuguese government. In January 2017, KEP received the first part of an interest free loan in the amount of EUR 2.2 million (or $2.5 million). In July 2017, KEP received the second part of the loan in the amount of EUR 0.3 million (or $0.3 million). The loan has a maturity date of February 1, 2025 and is being repaid through semi-annual payments of EUR 0.2 million (or $0.2 million) on August 1 and February 1 of each year
In February 2019, KEP received a second interest free loan from the Portuguese government in the amount of EUR 0.9 million (or $1.1 million). The loan has a maturity date of September 1, 2026 and will be repaid through semi-annual payments
on March 1 and September 1 of each year beginning on March 1, 2021. The repayments will be in the amount of EUR 0.1 million (or $0.1 million).
Since the KEP debt is non-interest bearing, we have recorded debt discounts on the loans. These discounts are being amortized over the life of the loans through interest expense. If certain conditions are met by KEP, such as increased headcount at its facility in Evora, Portugal, increased revenue, and increased gross value added, a portion of these loans could be forgiven.
TOKIN has a short term borrowing pursuant to an agreement with The 77 Bank Limited, located in Japan, in the amount of 350 million yen (or $3.2 million), at an interest rate of 0.53% (Japanese TIBOR + 40 basis points). The loan is due in September 2020 and the loan agreement automatically renews for successive one year periods if both parties choose not to terminate or modify it.
The following table highlights the Company’s annual cash maturities of debt (amounts in thousands):
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef